I feel that it is important for me to share some information with parents and medical caregivers of students with ADHD regarding this new memorandum since we are receiving many calls asking for clarification on how to proceed. While this memorandum has been a very a long time coming, and hard won, it was not the ultimate goal. The ultimate goal would have been for ADHD to be fully recognized and listed under a particular category. The Ministry has refused to do so for more than a decade.
However, this memorandum does clarify that students with ADHD, and no other diagnosed disorder such as a Learning Disability, should not be barred from being officially recognized through an IPRC as an exceptional student, which allows them to access an IEP and special education. It also goes one step further and lists several ways that a student with ADHD can present a learning need, while stating that this list is not all inclusive. Perhaps the bigger issue is that memorandums sent out to school boards by the Ministry of Education are not immediately, if ever, embraced and implemented by school boards. The Ministry itself admits that memorandums are a form of guidance rather than mandates. They do not have a way to hold school boards accountable.
Do not be surprised if individual educators within school boards do not know of its existence or are reluctant to implement it. In fact, after receiving feedback from parents and speaking with school boards, many boards feel that it is business as usual, and this memorandum only supports what they have been doing. In reality, it falls on the shoulders of the public to hold school boards accountable since the Ministry is unable to do so.
This is why CADDAC is very committed in spreading word of this memorandum to parents and medical professionals working with students with ADHD. This memorandum directly contradicts school boards who inform parents, physicians, psychologists, and other medical experts that a student with ADHD does not qualify for an IPRC unless they have a diagnosed learning disability.
You might have noticed that the memorandum states that a student must display a learning need in order to qualify for this recognition. Although it is very unusual for a student with ADHD not to have a learning need, due to a lack of training many educators wrongly believe that learning needs presented by students with ADHD are actually under their control, rather than a symptom of the disorder. It is imperative for parents and medical experts to do their due diligence and be prepared to demonstrate and document the learning needs of the student. Some ways that a student can demonstrate these needs are listed in the memorandum: “attention/focus, organization, processing speed, working memory, executive functioning weaknesses, mathematical processes and skills, and expressive and receptive language,” however, the areas of need are not limited to this list. Please note that school failure is not the only way to document this need, although some boards may claim the contrary. We should be evaluating whether a student is working to their potential rather than assuming all is well if the student is not failing.
My recommendation to parents, physicians and other health care providers is that this documentation should be prepared prior to requesting an IPRC meeting. The more examples and documentation parents can make available as evidence, the better the chances of success. The CADDAC document entitled “Classroom Accommodations for Specific Behaviour,” which can be found under the “Classroom Accommodations/Strategies Drop-Down” under the School section of the CADDAC website can be a helpful tool for the identification of additional learning needs.
When speaking with special education administrators recently, it has become even more evident that many do not really understand ADHD and its impairments on learning. They put the onus on the parents to prove that this disorder impairs their child’s learning in a way that they, the boards, find acceptable. The Ministry allows each board to decide the level and specific type of impairment that would qualify a student to be deemed an exceptional student, resulting in an unfair and inequitable educational system.
You may have noticed that in our press release we stated that: “It is CADDAC’s hope that school boards will follow through with the intent of this memorandum. It is also our hope that increased training for educators will be the next step.”
That is still our hope. We are willing to help in any way that we can with the training of educators. ADHD is a very complex disorder and we fully acknowledge that understanding the extensive impact of ADHD on a students’ learning is not easily done, however the enormous benefits would be well worth the effort for both the students and the education system.
If your child has a learning need that has been documented, and the school and/or board are refusing to recognize your child as an exceptional student qualifying for special education, please contact us at CADDAC. We are interested in hearing your story.
Regards to all,
National Director, CADDAC